Labia reduction

Both in the media and on the Internet, the topic of “intimate surgery“, a comparatively new field in medicine, is increasingly covered. However, the information provided is extremely varied, even contradictory.

Women interested in intimate surgery, especially those considering it as an option for themselves, find it very difficult to get hold of information they can trust.

Therefore, we have compiled all relevant and important information about “labia reduction“ and clearly present it on this website. Labia reduction, also known as labiaplasty, is the most thought-after and most frequently performed procedure of intimate surgery.

We hope you enjoy the reading and find answers to all your questions.

Aesthetic and Functional Labiaplasty

ISBN 978-3-319-60222-6

International textbook by Prof. Stefan Gress, published by Springer Verlag in January 2018.

This work describes his surgical techniques for labiaplasty and labial reconstruction in detail. It contains unique figures and illustrations that depict the precise anatomy of the region, the individual steps of the operations, and optimal results of treatment.

Opens external link in new windowGo to book published by Springer Verlag ...

The anatomical function of the labia is to seal the vaginal opening and to protect the vagina from foreign bodies, drying out, and against the intrusion of germs. In addition, the fat pads of the labia majora (outer lips) provide mechanical protection.

The labia minora (inner lips) extend from the middle of the lower part of the mons pubis (mons veneris) as two skin folds towards the anus. They encompass the clitoris and the vaginal opening. The part of the labia adjacent to the clitoris is called the “clitoral hood”.

Ideally, the inner lips are covered by the outer (large) lips (labia majora) while standing. In cases where the labia minora are very long – a condition called labia hypertrophy - , they protrude from the cover of the labia majora. Typically, enlarged labia minora are affected along their entire length, i.e. the part above the clitoris, the area adjacent to the clitoris (clitoral hood) and the part below the clitoris.

The labia minora correspond to the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis in men. They are less sensitive to pressure and, compared with the clitoris, of secondary importance for sexual stimulation.

The clitoris corresponds to the penis, but is much smaller and considerably more sensitive. The main part of the clitoris (corpus clitoridis, clitoral shaft) extends as a strand-like structure deep (and thus invisible) on the under-surface of the pubic bone downwards and ends as a pea-sized protrusion above the vaginal opening – the visible clitoral glans (tip). It is framed and covered by a part of the labia minora, the clitoral hood. The clitoris plays a key role in sexual stimulation. The nerves relevant for sexual stimulation extend on the shaft of the clitoris up into the glans and supply it with erogenous sensation. In some cases, the clitoral glans can protrude from the cover of the labia minora. This is referred to as clitoral protrusion.

The clitoris (yellow) protrudes beyond the level of the labia majora (blue). However, since the clitoris is covered by too large labia minora (orange), this is not noted immediately.

The “ideal“ look

In our culture, what is flabby and hangs down out of shape is often perceived as not attractive. As most women nowadays consider intimate shaving a normal part of their lifestyle, the shape and form of their genitals are unveiled – and, unfortunately, so are not so beautiful anatomic variations.

The idea of how the perfect genital area should look like may vary considerably between women, but still there is one appearance considered to be ideal by most: beautiful, not too long labia minora, completely covered by firm, well-formed labia majora, similar to the shape of a closed shell.

Cause and effect

For many women, unsightly anatomic variations of their genitals are a source of significant suffering. Hormonal influences, weak tissue, genetic factors, or age-related changes may cause these deviations in shape. Especially large labia minora and flabby labia majora are found to be particularly distressing. But also functional reasons, such us pain when wearing tight clothing, during sporting activities (horse riding, jogging, cycling), invagination of the labia minora during sexual intercourse, and hygiene issues, can encourage women to have a surgical correction done. The strongest motivation for a reduction of the labia minora is the sometimes significant psychological distress experienced by those affected which may even affect the sex life.

Various techniques for reducing the size of the labia minora are described in the medical literature. The most important procedures are listed below. Each of these techniques is named after the surgeon who developed and published it.

Surgical technique described by S. Gress

S. Gress has developed four types of reductions of the labia minora; which of them is used depends on the findings of the physical examination and the initial situation. He differentiates between:

1. Composite Reduction Labiaplasty

Reduction of the labia minora in all three parts - above the clitoris, adjacent to the clitoris (clitoral hood) and below the clitoris with correction of clitoral position in case of a bulging clitoris (clitoral protrusion). Furthermore, the part above the clitoris is shortened with additional tightening of the clitoral hood. Using this technique, three independent segments are created. The fusion of these segments results in tightening of the labia minora across the entire length along with correction of the clitoral position.

To remove the excessive tissue, the incision line follows a slightly curved course below the clitoris and creates a pointed flap which forms part of the clitoral hood. Furthermore, a spindle-shaped excision of the excessive tissue above the clitoris is performed. As here incision line follows the fold between the labia minora and majora, it remains invisible. For the correction of a protruding clitoral glans (clitoral protrusion), a diamond-shaped skin segment is removed below the clitoris. Joining the wound edges makes the clitoral glans point slightly downwards, as desired. Since the clitoris itself is not touched when this technique is used, sensory disturbances cannot occur. The lateral flaps are fitted in the continuity of the labia with slight tension so that some tightening of the clitoral hood is achieved.

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2. Reduction of all parts of the labia minora

(with correction of clitoral position )

Reduction of the labia minora in all parts - above the clitoris, adjacent to the clitoris (clitoral hood) and below the clitoris - with correction of clitoral position in case of a bulging clitoris (clitoral protrusion). No additional shortening of the part above the clitoris.

This technique is almost identical with the one described above, only that here no skin parts are removed below the clitoris, but only two skin triangles at the sides to prevent engorgement of the tissue. This would develop if the lateral flaps were pulling downwards.

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3. Reduction of all parts of the labia minora

(without correction of clitoral position)

Reduction of the labia minora in all parts - above the clitoris, adjacent to the clitoris (clitoral hood) and below the clitoris - without correction of clitoral position.

The reduction of the labia minora is achieved with a slightly curved incision which ends below the clitoris.

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4. Reduction of the labia minora limited to the area below the clitoris

Reduction of the labia minora limited to the area below the clitoris.

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Which of these techniques may be suitable for a patient depends on the degree of enlargement of the labia minora and whether or not the clitoris protrudes.

The advantage offered by these techniques (except 4) is that the entire labia are shortened and tightened, resulting in a very natural and balanced appearance. In addition, correction of clitoral protrusion can be performed.

A disadvantage is the comparatively long operation time of approx. 2-2.5 hours and the associated increase in costs.

Technique described by G. Alter


G. Alter described the wedge incision. With this technique, reduction of the labia minora is achieved by removing a wedge-shaped segment from the part below the clitoris.

Initiates file downloadAlter G (1998): a new technique for aesthetic labia minors reduction. Ann Plast Surg. Mar; 40(3): 287-90

Technique described by R. Rouzier


Removal of the labia minora in the ventral part. Wound closure by mobilisation of the remaining part of the labia with downward tightening.

Initiates file downloadRouzier R, Louis-Sylvestre C, Paniel BJ, Haddad B (2000): Hypertrophy of labia minora: experience with 163 reductions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 182: 35-40

Technique described by H.Y. Choi

Technique by D.J. Hodgkinson


Removal of excessive tissue along the entire course of the labia below the clitoris.

Initiates file downloadHodgkinson DJ, Hait G (1984): Aesthetic vaginal labiaplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 74: 414

Technique described by S. M. Maas


Zigzag-shaped excision of the excessive tissue below the clitoris.

Initiates file downloadMaas SM, Hage JJ (2000): Functional and aesthetic labia minors reduction. Plast Reconstr Surg 105: 1453

Evaluation of the techniques described by Alter, Trichot, Rouzier,Choi, Hodgkinson, Maas, and Giraldo


These techniques are comparably easy to perform, requiring only short operation times of approx. 1 hour which is reflected in the costs.


As they only treat the lower part of the labia minora, the position of the clitoris is not addressed. They do not neither provide for adequate tightening of the clitoral hood, nor of the part above the clitoris. Thus, the outcomes achieved with this approach may be aesthetically disappointing.


Laub D (2000): A new method for aesthetic reduction of labia minors (the deepithelialized reduction labiaplasty). (Disscussion). Plast Reconstr Surg 105:423

Typically, the procedure is performed on a day-surgery basis under local anaesthesia. With this, complete analgesia can be expected for a period of at least 4 hours. However, if a patient does not like to be aware of any sounds or odours during the procedure, the surgery can be performed under twilight sedation or general anaesthesia. Hospital admission is not required.

Ideally, the incision is made using a radiofrequency surgical device or a laser. These enable very precise and tissue-saving surgery with little bleeding. This translates into a markedly improved healing process and a significantly accelerated healing time. Scalpels are less suitable.

The edges of the incision wound are to be closed with absorbable suture.

Before the surgery

If the procedure is performed under local anaesthesia, no special preparation is required. Fasting is not required and you can eat and drink normally on the day of the procedure. In contrast, if the procedure is to be performed under general anaesthesia or twilight sedation, you must refrain from eating, drinking and smoking six hours prior to surgery.

Ask your doctor whether you have to take some medication already before the surgery, e.g pain killers or antibiotics. After consultation with your doctor, you should stop taking drugs with an effect on blood clotting, e.g. aspirin, ASA, warfarin, etc., at least 2 weeks prior to surgery.

You should shave the entire genital area. A tight panty that you wear after the surgery to exert some degree of pressure on the wound helps to reduce swelling and the risk of postoperative bleeding.

After the surgery

After the surgery, you should have time to rest in the rooms of the clinic or hospital and to cool the genital region. It is advisable to visit the toilet one last time before leaving the clinic and to then have a fresh dressing so that the wounds are cover for as long as possible before your next visit to the toilet.

You should not drive yourself. Take a taxi or let the person accompanying you take you home or to the hotel. We recommend that you rest during the first hours after the surgery, cool the surgical site and walk as little as possible.

During the first night, patients usually experience a burning sensation and pain of varying degree. The next day, however, this discomfort will significantly decrease or even disappear completely. On the day after the surgery, usually a follow- up examination and change of dressing are performed. You should take any medication, such as an antibiotic or painkiller, prescribed by your physician as directed.

On the third day, you can have a shower. In the first week, use only lukewarm water; start using soap again only after one week. Typically absorbable suture is used which does not need to removed, but may start itching after a few days. In this case, you may apply a sterile wound ointment (e.g. Bepanthen, aloe vera gel) to soothe the itchiness. After ten days, you can also have the stitches removed by your doctor, as the wound has closed by then.

The surgery will not affect your daily living for long. The initial swelling and mild haematoma will disappear after a few days. The remaining, hardly noticeable swelling will gradually go away over the following months. You may experience a slight numbness along the incision line which will soon be gone.

We recommend to use pads instead of tampons during menstruation. You should wait for at least six weeks before having the first sexual intercourse after the surgery. Although the wounds have already closed, they are not yet very stable. If exposed to strong mechanical forces earlier than 6 weeks after the surgery, the wounds may open up again. Thus, these forces which may also occur with sporting activities such as horseback riding, cycling or jogging, should be avoided during the first six weeks. Please do not take a sauna for two months.

Immediately after the surgery you should wear a firm panty. Some pressure on the area prevents significant swelling from developing and reduces the likelihood of postoperative bleeding. On the second day, you can start to wear loose clothing again.

For optimum scar healing you should start pressing the scars with the finger tips after about two weeks. Scars become flat and inconspicuous when pressure is applied on them. You can take each lip between your thumb and index finger and squeeze it firmly along its course. This also helps to reduce the swelling. You can perform this treatment two or three times a day over a period of one month. However, make sure that you only squeeze the scars and not massage or rub them to avoid tension at the wound edges.

For any questions you may have or in case of an emergency, it is essential that you know how to contact your surgeon, especially during the time immediately after the surgery.

labia reduction - after the surgery


The costs of labia reduction surgery vary significantly with the type of surgery performed and the operation time and also between surgeons. Pricing ranges from EUR 2,300 to 4,500.

Where the procedure is performed under twilight sedation or general anaesthesia, the cost of the anaesthetic services are usually added.

While statutory health insurance funds rarely pay for the operation, private health insurance companies frequently cover the costs when they are presented with a medical certificate confirming that the surgery is required for medical reasons. Medical indications include pain with sporting activities, sexual intercourse, wearing of tight clothes or where associated hygiene difficulties result in inflammation or skin irritation. In addition, significant psychological distress can represent a medical indication.

Surgery performed for the sole purpose of enhancing the aesthetic appearance without any medical component is generally not covered by private health insurances; surgeons are even required to charge value-added tax (VAT) on their fees for performing the procedure. This increases the costs of the surgery by 19%.

Risks and complications

The greatest risk is that you choose a surgeon with little experience who does not perform the procedure correctly. We recommend that you carefully check the doctors offering this service before making your decision.

In any case, you have to expect some swelling and minor haematoma. Approximately 80% of the swelling will disappear within about six weeks’ time. The residual swelling, however, is very slow to clear and it can take up to 6 months for it to disappear.

Pain of various degrees may be experienced especially during the first 24-48 hours, rarely longer. If you are taking the painkillers prescribed by your doctor, you should find it easy to cope with this pain.

Statistically, abnormal wound healing is the most frequently reported complication. This means that the wound may open up along the surgical suture, causing wound dehiscence (slight separation of the wound edges) etc. Therefore, you should take care to avoid any friction or mechanical forces in this region. Of course, you can perform your daily activities as usual, i.e. walk, sit, lie, etc. However, if you engage in sexual intercourse, horseback riding, jogging, etc. within the first six weeks, abnormal wound healing is likely to occur. You should also not use tampons during that time.

Scars usually form fine lines which are hardly noticeable once the healing process is completed. Theoretically, scars may occasionally develop in a way that they become more obvious, i.e. reddened, bulging or painful. However, this is highly unlikely in the area of the labia, as the skin there is almost under no tension so that the wound edges are not exposed to pulling forces which may trigger the formation of protruding scars. When you firmly squeeze the scars with your fingertips after two week, these will soon become flatter and unnoticeable.

Sensory disturbances are not to be expected when the procedure is performed correctly. During the first 2-4 weeks, the region in general is somewhat sensitive and feels numb and sore, especially along the wound edges. However, this normally disappears once wound healing is completed. When a correction of the clitoral position is performed, the clitoris is shifted slightly closer to the vaginal opening, potentially resulting in improved sexual stimulation.

Very rarely, postoperative bleeding, minor asymmetries, wound infections, etc. may occur.

Postoperative bleeding and significant swelling may be partly prevented by wearing a firm panty which you should pull strongly upwards on the first postoperative day to create some pressure on the area.


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Frequently asked questions

Does labia correction affect giving birth?

The result achieved with the operation is not put at risk by giving birth. Conversely, the procedure has no effect on childbirth. Thus, even though you underwent the operation, you can deliver your child in a completely normal und natural way.


What are the risks associated with this procedure?

For more information, please refer to the section Risks


How should intimate hygiene be maintained after the surgery?

Two days after surgery, you are allowed to start showering again. However, you should not use soap for a week, just lukewarm water. You can then start using mild and pH-neutral products.

Typically absorbable sutures are used. When these sutures dissolve, an unpleasant itchiness may be experienced. You may apply a cream on the wound edges, e.g. Bepanthen ointment or aloe vera gel, to relieve it.


Are scar creams recommended?

Since scars in the genital area tend to heal perfectly, this is usually not necessary. However, you should discuss this question with the doctor who treats you and who may have a different opinion.


Shall I shave the intimate area before surgery?

Yes, you should be completely shaved. To avoid any mechanical stress on the wound edges, you should wait 4-6 weeks before shaving again.


What kind of clothing is advisable?

To prevent swelling and postoperative bleeding, it is recommended to wear a firm panty immediately after surgery to achieve some compression on the intimate area. The next day, loose clothes are recommended because then pressure is perceived as rather painful.


When can I go back to work?

This depends on the type of work you have. If you are mainly engaged in sedentary activities, you can go back to work after two days. When sitting, you should assume the position where you feel most comfortable. If you do a lot of walking on your job, it would be good to first have three days of rest.


May I expose myself to the sun?

You should avoid sun exposure of your intimate area for 6 months, as UV rays may have a negative impact on scar healing. Thus also avoid using a sunbed for this time!


Can the procedure be performed when I have my period?

This is not a problem; it does not matter whether or not you have your period at the time of the procedure. However, for approx. six weeks you should only use pads, no tampons, because of the risk that the wound is torn open when you insert a tampon.

When can I start to exercise again?

You should avoid any type of rubbing for at least six weeks. So please avoid jogging, horseback riding, cycling, etc. You may start using a cross trainer again after one week, since with this device the distance between the leg is wide and no friction on the genital area is created!


When can I swim again?

Swimming in the sea and in a lake is allowed after 4 weeks. Because of the chlorine and the potential microbial contamination in public swimming pools, you should wait for 6 weeks before you go there.


When can I have sex again?

Sexual intercourse has to be avoided for at least six weeks. Due to the intense mechanical forces that would act on the wound edges, these could tear open. Oral sex is allowed after 4 weeks if the not-yet-absorbed sutures are not interfering.


What can I do to ensure optimal healing?

It is essential that you follow the instruction of your doctor! Take medicines as discussed prior to surgery. Typically you will get a painkiller which also reduces swelling and an antibiotic. It is very important that you avoid mechanical friction for 6 weeks! In addition, you should apply pressure on the scars after approx. 2 weeks! Discuss this with your surgeon. The scar formation is the least noticeable when you squeeze the scars. However, you should not start earlier than 2 weeks after surgery as the wound edges are not durable enough before that. You should take each lip between your thumb and index finger and squeeze it firmly along its entire course. It does not matter if this is a little painful. An additional effect is that the swelling will disappear faster and the tissue becomes soft and loose. However, you should not massage or rub it.


Laser or scalpel?

The procedure should be performed using a laser or a radiofrequency surgical device. Because of the looseness of the tissue, a precise incision line can hardly be achieved using a scalpel. A radiofrequency surgical device offers the advantage over a laser of not transferring the fine trembling movements of a surgeon’s hand as its tip is in direct contact with the skin, thus further increasing the accuracy of the incision. Both devices rely on thermal energy to cut through the tissue – a laser uses a laser beam, a radiofrequency surgical device a hot wire. While cutting, both devices cauterize small blood vessels and thereby reduce bleeding and promote the healing process.


Plastic surgeon or gynaecologist?

Essentially, it does not make a difference which specialist you consult, be it a plastic surgeon or a gynaecologist. The surgeon should have the necessary skills and expertise and several years of experience in the field of intimate surgery. Based on their training and their experience in microsurgery, plastic surgeons often have a different understanding of the shapes of the body and are used to handling tissues with great care and precision.

Prof. h.c. Stefan Gress is a Specialist in Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, focusing on female genital surgery. In this interview, he will talk about the procedure that is most commonly performed in intimate surgery: the reduction of the labia minora.

You hear it again and again: In some women, intimate plastic surgery goes wrong. Then the result is something you really would not want to show. How can this happen?

Prof. Gress: Only recently, the reduction of the labia minora has gained popularity in the western world. Now the demand is continuously growing. When I started with female intimate surgery in 2001, there were only few colleagues worldwide working in this field. This has changed and today almost all plastic surgeons offer intimate surgery services on their websites. Yet there are no standard techniques - neither in medical training nor textbooks – that surgeons can rely on. Consequently, surgeons often perform procedures at their own discretion. The outcome frequently falls short of what one would consider to be an optimal result; in some case, patients are left with ugly mutilations that are difficult to correct.

Frequently, the difficulty of performing a labia minora reduction is underestimated. This procedure requires a great deal of experience and skills.  Depending on the technique used, the operation time varies between 2 and 2.5 hours.

Why is labia reduction a complex procedure? Could you please explain this in more detail?

Prof. Gress: The anatomy of the female genital area is very complex. The labia minora start at the mons pubis, encompass the clitoris and extend down towards the anus. So we differentiate between three parts of the labia minora: there is the part above the clitoris, the part adjacent to the clitoris (clitoral hood) and the one below the clitoris. In most cases of enlargement of the labia minora, all three sections are enlarged and frequently the clitoris also bulges to a degree (clitoral protrusion). Therefore it is important to look at the whole picture. Using a technique that only reduces the part below the clitoris when the entire labia minora are enlarged will never produce a well-balanced cosmetic result.

In addition, the tenderness of the tissue and the delicate anatomy require a distinctive approach, i.e. only special, extremely fine sutures should be used. But then, these must be placed in a way that they withstand the mechanical forces always acting on this area as the result of movement and pressure.  Therefore, the procedure is considerably more complex than generally expected.


What exactly is your approach? Could you explain your surgical technique?

Prof. Gress: The aim of the procedure is to achieve the most perfect result possible - a balanced overall appearance where the labia minora are not only covered by the labia majora, but their entire course has a natural flow to it so that the result does not look as if someone had worked on it to improve it.

In most cases, all three parts of the labia minora are enlarged, in particular the areas adjacent to the clitoris and below. In addition, a prominent clitoris is frequently found, a situation referred to as clitoral protrusion.

For detailed information about the techniques and the results to be expected visit our website.


Why do women have this surgery done?

Prof. Gress: Typically, the sexual lives of these patients are significantly affected as they feel ashamed to show themselves to their partners. Many of them avoid saunas and public swimming pools. Often, there are additional functional complaints, such as pain or rubbing when wearing tight clothes, having sex or engaging in sporting activities. Reasons related to personal hygiene with associated skin irritation can play a role too.


How old are these patient who undergo labia reduction?

Prof. Gress: Usually, these women are at an age where they are sexually active. The average age in my clinic is 34 years. My youngest patient was 13, my oldest 84. I only perform the procedure on minors when the findings are so significant that they could have a negative effect on the sexual development of these patients. The consent of both parents is mandatory.


Which other procedures of intimate surgery are also in demand?

Prof. Gress: In principle, we distinguish between surgery on the external and internal genitals.

External genital surgery is, above all, aimed at shaping and sculpturing the labia. The mons pubis can also be sculptured, for example by liposuction to reduce its size. However, when it comes to numbers, labia minora reduction and correction procedures top the list. They account for almost 70% of all procedures in female intimate surgery. It is also possible to reduce the labia majora, the (larger) outer lips. When, as the years goes by, the labia majora lose volume and become flabby, they can be filled with fat tissue from the patient’s own body and corrected. The result looks fabulous.

 Surgical procedures performed on the internal genital area, are, above all, aimed at enhancing sexual stimulation. When, for example, the vagina has become very wide after giving birth and sufficient friction is no longer achieved with the partner, the vagina can be tightened to restore optimum sexual stimulation. Often even better than before giving birth. The demand for these procedures is increasing. Many women are in great need for this type of surgery, especially after childbirth.

A lesser variant of vaginal tightening is the intensification of the G spot. This is of particular interest to women with normal vaginal diameter who nonetheless would like to increase their ability to be stimulated.


What criteria should one apply when selecting a surgeon?

Prof. Gress: The surgeon should be a specialist in plastic surgery or a gynaecologist, focusing on female genital surgery. During the consultation prior to surgery, the patient should be physically examined and the surgical technique, the possibilities it can offer, and the outcome to be expected should be discussed. Risks and potential complications would, of course, need to be discussed as well. Images showing the surgical outcomes certainly are helpful too. If the overall impression is good and everything is dealt with in a trustworthy and professional manner, this speaks for the surgeon. I sound a warning against statements such as “we will quickly cut that off“, “that takes us only 20 minutes", etc.! 


What are the risks?

Prof. Gress: The greatest risk is a surgeon who lacks experience. Therefore, it’s best to see a specialist! If the surgery goes wrong, it may cause damages which can be very difficult or impossible to correct.

After the procedure, it is important to ensure that the region is exposed to as little forces as possible. This means any type of rubbing is prohibited. Especially sex, jogging, cycling, etc.! And this for at least 6 weeks. If the region is exposed to excessive mechanical stress, wound healing may be disturbed. Of course, one should be able to engage in the normal activities of daily living. The sutures are very fine and should not be torn. Scares usually heal without any complications and become a fine white line. Theoretically, scars can become thick and bulging, but I have never observed this in the genital area. Pain and burning can be expected after the procedure, especially along the suture line, but this response well to medication. Sensory disturbances are not to be expected when the procedure is performed correctly. In some case, even an improvement in the ability to be sexually stimulated is noted, especially in patients after correction of clitoral position. Smaller haematoma and swelling are normal; these will disappear within a few days.

Aesthetic and Functional Labiaplasty

ISBN 978-3-319-60222-6

International textbook by Prof. Stefan Gress, published by Springer Verlag in January 2018.

This work describes his surgical techniques for labiaplasty and labial reconstruction in detail. It contains unique figures and illustrations that depict the precise anatomy of the region, the individual steps of the operations, and optimal results of treatment.

Opens external link in new windowGo to book published by Springer Verlag ...





The standardised genital

FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, issue 10 2014

Article about Prof. Gress and intimate surgery in the FAZ newspaper.

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Only the best for the bed

Ego -Magazine of the German  School of Journalism, issue. 31 2013

Cut by cut to the climax: Intimate surgery is meant to help women to have better sex.

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A visit to the vagina Picasso

wir eltern, April 2013

Prof. Gress as expert in the surgical repair of sequelae of childbirth. 

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Why do we have an orgasm?

Galileo, January 2013

Prof. Gress interview. 

View article.

"Better orgasms"

Gala, September 2012

How can intimate surgery improve sex?

Initiates file downloadDownload as PDF

“I saw a specialist in intimate surgery

Grazia, June 2012

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Everything is possible...

InStyle Beauty, Spring/ summer 2012

Five women share their experiences.

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How sex life is enhanced by surgery

Madame - Beauty Medicine, May 2012

The plastic surgeon Prof Gress from Munich has been a specialist in female intimate surgery for many years...

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Genital surgery for optimized body perception

SPIEGEL TV Extra, November 2009

Since having given birth to her children, Jasmin Friday believes her vaginal lips are too large. She decided to have an aesthetic correction done...

Opens external link in new window... to the article at SPIEGEL ONLINE


Praxis Prof. h.c. Dr. med. Stefan Gress

Salvatorstr. 3
80333 Munich

Tel.: +49 - (0)89 - 24223922
Fax: +49 - (0)89 - 24223923
E-Mail: gress(at)